If you recently added a crane to your workplace, you might not understand the reasons for why it needs to go through an inspection, how often it should happen, and who is qualified to perform the crane inspection.
Find everything you need to know about your crane’s inspection: when to do it, required documentation, certified inspectors, and more keep on reading.
OSHA requires that all active cranes go through an annual inspection. Daily or weekly usage puts wear on important crane components. The more and more use your crane gets, the more wear can lead to a breakdown- or worse, a dangerous failure that can put you, your team, or your company at risk.
Having routine inspections on your crane can help identify potential problems and address them before bigger problems arise or dangerous incidents.
According to the CMAA, Crane Manufacturers Association of America, a crane inspector should have 2,000 field hours of maintenance, servicing, repairing, modifying, and functional testing experience with cranes and the hoist equipment.
CMAA also states that under no circumstances should anyone perform inspections if they have not received appropriate training nor the knowledge of the applicable codes and regulations of the crane equipment.
Safety and design codes that are related to overhead cranes
Federal, State, and local codes of standards
Safe operating practices of cranes and hoists
Understanding of how to write a report and documentation procedures
Knowledge of crane and hoist terminology to effectively communicate
According to the American National Standards Institute, ANSI, there are four categories for overhead crane inspections: Initial, Functional, Frequent, and Periodic.
The initial inspection will be a documented visual inspection that is required after installing a crane or hoist, and for equipment that has been reinstalled after alteration, modification, or repair.
OSHA 1910.179: “Prior to initial use all new and altered cranes shall be inspected to ensure compliance with the provisions of this section.”
Before every shift, your crane’s functionality must be tested. According to OSHA, you need to visually test the following areas daily.
The frequent inspections should include everything from the Functional Test Inspection plus checking the operating mechanisms. The inspector will pay particular attention to the hoist brake, wire rope, load chain, and listen for any abnormal sounds. The hook and latch will require an inspection as well.
The Frequent Inspection does not require a record like the Functional Test Inspection, but documentation will show the overhead crane has been inspected, so all operators will know it is safe to use before they start their shift.
Similar to the Frequent Inspection, the frequency of the Period Inspection is based on the usage of the crane. For this inspection, cranes that are used for “normal service” and “heavy service” should be inspected annually. Cranes used in the “severe service” should be inspected quarterly.
It may seem costly and time-consuming to follow all inspections for your overhead crane. However, these maintenance and safety checks are much cheaper than legal fees and insurance premiums you’ll have to pay if someone is injured.
If you are in the Michigan area and looking for Crane Repairs, Services, or Inspections, Contact the Speed Wrench Team! We’re happy to help where we can.